5) PSA Blood Test and Rectal Exam

Prostate Cancer is the leading cancer in men, but the percentage of deaths is relatively low because of early screening. “There’s been an amazing drop in prostate cancer deaths because we’re picking it up earlier,” says Alan Partin, M.D., Ph.D., at the James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute.

Prostate screening includes a digital rectal exam in which doctors feel for hard or lumpy areas through the rectal wall and a PSA blood test. The blood test looks for elevated levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood (an indicator of prostate cancer).

Who should get the test: Any man over age 50 or anyone over the age of 40 with a family history of prostate cancer.

Cost: Free prostate cancer screenings are offered at many places across the Unites States, usually at health fairs or as part of Prostate Cancer Awareness Month in September.