There’s one thing every athlete—whether a college football player or Olympian, marathoner or CrossFitter—can relate to: pre-race or event jitters. The days, hours, and minutes before the clock starts can have your cool demeanor cracking, your palms sweating, and your heart hammering. You start to question if you’re ready, if you should run away (the opposite direction of the finish line) while you still can.
But you don't have to suffer through what could be performance-wrecking (or at the least, uncomfortable) nerves. Instead, try these simple tricks courtesy of Clinical Sport Psychologist Gloria Petruzzelli to stay mentally tough no matter what obstacles get in your way.
Take three deep breaths. Your inhales should match the length of your exhale; so count to four on your inhale and four on your exhale. Breath is an indicator of your mood and vice versa. Breathing is the only autonomous system of the body that we can control. This means that if we directly change how we breathe, we can change our mood. It also means that when our mood changes, so does our breath. Before the start of a race or event, really focus on slow breathing. It can result in a calmer mood and mind.
Talk to Yourself
They may seem cheesy, but mantras and quotes are great for keeping and redirecting your mental focus. And top athletes use them! Quotes such as “If it doesn’t challenge you, it doesn’t change you,” or “To be outstanding—get comfortable with being uncomfortable” can help remind you that pushing past limits and improvement involves change and change isn’t always comfortable (plus, you can say them in your head—we're not asking you to vocalize them.) Mantras can also help you challenge negative thoughts when your body starts to fatigue and you start questioning your ability to push through. To make your own mantra, use present tense positive statements in the first person. Sounds very particular, but trust us, it works. Use statements like “I’ve got this” or “Stay fast.” If you use negative statements like “I can't mess up,” your mind focuses on messing up, rather than succeeding. Also try to use mantras that focus on controllable, tangible factors, such as “Stay fast,” rather than “Beat this person.”
Trust Your Training
If you’ve stayed consistent with your training plan and preparation, then there is no reason to doubt your ability on race day. Most of the hard work has been done at this point. In the days leading up to a race, watch course or race videos and visualize yourself looking confident during the race, read positive affirmations, quotes, blog posts, or listen to pump-up music to help you get into the zone. Do anything and everything to keep yourself focused and excited. Remember: at this point you can’t add fitness to the bank, but you can sabotage your fitness if you let your focus run off into a frenzy. So don’t allow yourself to think about your worries, anxiety, or fears, or allow others to talk about them around you—this only deepens negative beliefs and feelings. Fear begets fear, worry begets worry. So only let yourself talk about your past training successes.
Own Your Personal Strengths
Only you know what got you to the race and will get you to the finish line. Everyone has character strengths and experiences that they can capitalize on in challenging situations. First, have awareness of what your strengths are and secondly, USE THEM. Embrace your competitiveness, your humor, your grit. Remember, it was your time, money, training, and planning that got you to the race so own it. Enjoy the process and focus on doing you on race day!
Embrace the Nerves
Pre-race jitters means your body is ready and filled with adrenaline. And some amount of them is good for your performance. Verbally remind yourself that your body's cues are telling you that it's ready and it’s race time. A ready body is an excited body and excitement can feel like jitters.
Know Your Goal
Successful athletes know their goal so well that they can close their eyes and create a mental picture of it in their mind. The more vivid and clear your goal is, the more your brain and body know where to aim. Motivation increases when we know where we are aiming our efforts. This means creating a picture in your mind, putting visual cues of your goal in your environment, or writing it out specifically and clearly in your training log. Then leading up to the race, you can recall your goal to help you focus and direct all that energy so you're more excited, less freaked out.
Focus on What's In Front of You
Motivated and focused athletes know not to stress about things out of their control such as tomorrow’s workout or yesterday’s performance. Since they know that there is a bigger picture in mind (their goal) they don’t allow minor worries about the past or future get in the way of what they have to focus on right now—the race, game, or competition at hand.
Radical acceptance means accepting reality for what it is. When you’ve radically accepted something, you’re not fighting it. That’s not to say you like what’s happening, but when you stop mentally fighting circumstances (a stomach cramp, a slower time, etc.) this puts you in a better position to problem solve. What some athletes fail to grasp is when they react, or get into a negative emotion or negative self-talk during race day, they directly decrease their ability to solve any mishaps they may come across during their race. An emotional mind will cloud out a rational mind for anyone anytime of the day. So stay focused on what you can do and radically accept what is out of your control.