Potential Deficiencies: The Paleo diet doesn’t include dairy, one of the best sources of riboflavin (vitamin B2), bone-protecting calcium, and vitamin D, which makes followers susceptible to these nutrient deficiencies later in life.
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The Risks: Cheilosis, a condition that causes cracks on the outside of the lips, is a common sign of riboflavin deficiency and research has found a strong association between vitamin D deficiencies and dementia, heart attack, and stroke. Falling short of the daily recommended dose of calcium increases the risk of osteoporosis, depression, rickets, tooth decay, and insomnia, warns Moskovitz.
The Safeguard: Moskovitz’s Paleo-approved smoothie recipe is great way to help you hit all of your nutritional marks. Here’s how to make it: In a blender, combine 1 cup of calcium- and vitamin D-fortified almond milk with half of a large banana, 3/4 cups spinach and 1/4 cup almond butter. Puree until smooth. “Be sure to also eat other riboflavin-rich foods, like lean beef, turkey, almonds, mushrooms, broccoli, eggs, and asparagus. Salmon and soybeans are also great sources of calcium and vitamin D,” adds Moskovitz.
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